Volume 1 - Issue 2

July 2013

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Advocating a pedagogy of happiness in TESOL: Antecedents and potentialities

Reza Zahibi Saeed Katibi
Pages: 39-50

Among the many topics discussed in positive psychology and life skills education, happiness enjoys a distinctive stature. In practical terms, an essential hallmark of the positive psychology movement would reasonably be to develop intervention programs that enhance individuals’ happiness and sustain such improvement over time. Having reviewed the antecedents of positive psychology and life skills education as to the importance of improving well-being in education, as well as the topic of happiness and the extent to which it is teachable, in this paper we shall argue that the field of Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages (TESOL) can be a unique venue for adopting a pedagogy of happiness, offering distinctive potentials for conducting happiness intervention programs.

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Affective and motivational predictors of perceived meaning in life among college students

Luz M. Garcini Mary Short & William D. Norwood
Pages: 51-64

Meaning in life has been associated with well-being, optimal functioning, and positive psychotherapeutic outcomes. Meaning is best understood in terms of relationships between its three different structural components: cognitive, affective, and motivational. Using Reker and Wong’s (1988) model as theoretical background, the present study investigated the associations between trait affect, values structure, and sense of meaning. Participants included 383 college students from diverse ethnic and religious backgrounds. Multiple regression analysis explored the associations between affect, value structure and sense of meaning. Results indicated affect and value structure were significant predictors of meaning, with positive affect being the strongest predictor. Results are consistent with third-wave cognitive-behavioral therapies (e.g., Acceptance and Commitment Therapy) and their emphasis on positive emotional experiences and values as important to the development of meaning and well-being.

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Are you ready for positive cognitive behavioral therapy?

Fredrike P. Bannink
Pages: 65-73

Recent decades have witnessed the development of competency-based, collaborative approaches to psychotherapy. Positive CBT (Cognitive Behavioral Therapy) offers the best constructive vision to date of what CBT looks like when joined with Positive Psychology and Solution Focused Brief Therapy. Positive CBT shifts the focus of therapy from what is wrong with clients to what is right with them, and from what is not working to what is. Two of its applications are the Positive Functional Behavior Analysis and the upward arrow technique, both described in this article. Positive CBT aims at improving the well-being of clients and therapists, drawing on research and applications from Positive Psychology and Solution-Focused Brief Therapy. Research is necessary to find out how Positive CBT is distinct from, can be combined with or may be even superior to traditional CBT.

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Influence of internet usage on social and subjective well-being of Sri Lankan GLIS

C. Nalaka Wickramasinghe  & Nobaya Ahmad
Pages: 74-88

The majority of the inventors in developing countries is independent inventors work on inventions by their own interest. The Internet has been one of the leading knowledge repositories for these independent inventors to search clues for their inventions. Owing to the self-driven behavior of the independent inventors, they might gain success and perceive happiness through the inventive activities that involved searching and creation of new knowledge. However, there is hardly any study that explains the influence of the Internet usage on social and psychological aspects of grassroots level inventors (GLIS). Present study explores the influence of the Internet usage on social capital, community connectedness, inventive achievements and subjective well-being of the grassroots level inventive community of Sri Lanka. Findings suggest that the Internet has significant direct influence on the subjective wellbeing of GLIS in Sri Lanka. Further The Internet usages indirectly influence the subjective well-being through social capital and connectedness. However, The Internet usage has not significantly influenced on the objective inventive achievements of the GLIS in Sri Lanka.

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Psychometric properties of a newly established flow state questionnaire

Tímea Magyaródi Henriett Nagy Péter Soltész Tamás Mózes Attila Oláh
Pages: 89-100

In the last decades several measuring methods have been established for studying flow experience. The starting point for the establishment of the Flow State Questionnaire (PPL-FSQ: Flow State Questionnaire of the Positive Psychology Lab) was Csíkszentmihályi’s phenomenological definition. There is no consensus about the basic factors of flow experience, so the goal was to develop a questionnaire which is based on theoretical principles and empirical results also. The first version of the PPL-FSQ had 40 items. In order to test this questionnaire a study was conducted with 214 participants. Exploratory post hoc analysis and factor analysis were performed and had a result of a two-factor model of 16 items. The questionnaire was improved by item-imputation, so the second version of the survey consisted of 23 items. Then the instrument was tested through several studies (N = 260) and the latent structure of the questionnaire was examined. The exploratory factor analysis resulted in a two-factor model of 20 items. The balance between challenges and skills (11 items) and Absorption in the activity (9 items) factors. Identifying these two factors strengthens the theoretical hypothesis that the basic dimensions of flow experience are the balance between challenges and skills, as well as absorption in the task.

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Secure attachment style, coping with stress and resilience among university students

Şerife Terzi
Pages: 89-100

The purpose of this study was to examine the role of a secure attachment style and coping strategies and their interactions on the resilience of a sample group of Turkish college students. The sample consisted of 225 students from a state university in Ankara. The List of Determining Risk Factors Resilience Scale, Relationship Scale Questionnaire and Coping Questionnaire Inventory have been used in the research. Data have been analyzed by hierarchical regression analyses were conducted to predict resilience. The results indicated that secure attachment style, and coping styles of active planning, avoidance/biochemical, and acceptance/cognitive restructuring were significant predictors of resilience. It was found that when secure attachment style scores were low, the presence of acceptance/cognitive restructuring orientation increased the resilience scores; while when the secure attachment style scores were high, acceptance/cognitive restructuring did not influence the resilience scores.

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The role of moral emotions in happiness

Vidya S. Athota
Pages: 115-120

Research on human happiness has traditionally been associated with positive and negative emotions, rather than its foundations in moral emotions. Using concepts of happiness taken the works of Aristotle and the field of moral psychology, this paper investigated how happiness relates to moral emotions and human virtues as a way of explaining the roots of happiness. As a part of this explanation, the paper explores the emotional side of neuroplasticity, that is the brain’s ability to learn and adapt to happiness. This is complimented with an investigation of the subjective experience of happiness through moral emotions, which illustrates that being sensitive and acting on moral emotions with reference to virtues can promote human happiness. In the final analysis, this paper suggests that moral emotions not only help to provide a code of conduct they are also provide a guiding mechanism for happiness.

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The role of perceived social support in predicting subjective wellbeing in Lebanese college students

Pages: 121-134

The purpose of this study was to determine the role of perceived social support (PSS) on subjective well-being (SWB) in Lebanese college students. All students were undergraduate students and followed the American educational system. Life satisfaction was assessed using the Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS), and the affective dimension of well-being was measured using the Positive Affect Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS). The degree of PSS was measured using the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS). Findings suggested that Lebanese college students were generally satisfied with their lives general and experienced more positive than negative affect. Female participants experienced more negative affect (NA) than male participants. The high income level group scored greater on the SWLS scale and perceived higher PSS. Lebanese youth perceived great levels of PSS and PSS was found to be an important positive predictor of subjective well-being. In conclusion, these findings reconfirm the importance of perceived social support as predictor of subjective-well-being among youth.

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